Stoic Philosophy

Stoic philosophy is a set of practical life-skills that originated in ancient Greece and Rome around 300 BCE. Heavily influenced by the teachings of Socrates, natural laws and physics; Stoic philosophy is a unique counterbalance to Jungian psychology in Dr Gordillo’s Story Image Therapy (SIT) and Universal Psychology.

Like Jung, the Stoics (particularly the later Stoics), also valued myths as important. They used stories as allegories and referred to the Legend of Hercules as a guide… viewing the demi-god as a type of role-model.

Stoicism forms the foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and modern Stoicism continues to garner evidence for this early philosophy. It also forms the ‘logos’ (logical strategies) element of Story Image Therapy, in contrast to Jung’s ‘mythos’ (mythical storytelling).

Together in SIT, mythos and logos can help to reframe and potentially improve a range of mental health conditions.

Mythos and Logos: a Story Image Tool

“Throughout history, stories have taken the form of myths, legends, fables, folktales and fairy tales, and each medium can deliver essential information today,” Toula says.



Forgetting our connections

Marcus Aurelius: regularly used writing therapy to endure life’s trials

Much to the dismay of individuals such as Carl Jung and others, we are becoming increasingly disconnected in the modern world. “This urgent need to get back to the psychology of antiquity, to the world of symbolic fantasy and creative imagery, together with the growing need for sound Stoic advice, is one of the reasons that I created Story Image Therapy (SIT),” Toula explains.

“Ancient psychology and philosophy are combined according to the laws of logic and reason, but they are delivered to young people through the shared mythic narrative. Society’s change, but humanity does not,” she says.

“Universal stories and images have helped us to form our roots… to know who we are, and our place in the world. And stories and images continue to deliver important life-lessons for young people, indeed all people, everywhere.”